Ferrets are creatures that are quite different from most other animals! Their appearance and personality is very unique and makes them a great pet for a wide variety of different people.
If you're looking into taking home a new pet ferret, you may want to know about the many types of ferrets that exist. Everybody wants to bring home a pet that's best-suited for them, and a good knowledge about the types of ferrets will help with that.
So, in this post we will be highlighting all of the different kinds of ferrets that exist. This information should give you the knowledge to go find the ferret that's perfect to bring into your home!
How Many Types Of Ferrets Are There?
In terms of domesticated pet ferrets, there's actually only one breed that exists besides the angora ferret. They're a part of the weasel family and have the Latin name Mustela putorius furo.
However, despite the fact that there's only one breed, pet ferrets can come in a wide variety of different sizes, colors, and styles. This post will highlight the official colors and color patterns recognized by the American Ferret Association.
The AFA officially recognizes 8 different colors and 7 different color patterns in ferrets (with some other pattern descriptors included). Some sources state that there are more types of ferrets than what the AFA identifies, but those specimens are simply combinations of different colors and patterns.
So what are these different colors and patterns that exist? What exactly do they look like? We'll go into detail about these characteristics below.
There isn't a link between ferret color/pattern and personality. A ferret is a single breed, so they all have the exact same needs and roughly the same mannerisms. Some ferret types are prone to deafness/blindness, though.
8 Different Ferret Colors
The American Ferret Association officially recognizes that there are 8 main colors of ferrets. While there aren't only 8 styles of ferrets, these are the colors that can combine to make hundreds of different uniquely-styled ferrets.
Some of these colors are more common than others, and some are a bit more loosely-defined.
1. Albino Ferret
Albinos are easily the most recognizable types of ferrets that exist. Albinism is a lack of pigment in living creatures, and it's resulted in a unique appearance in ferrets. This ferret has guard hairs and an undercoat that are usually colored white with a hint of cream.
This light coat is contrasted by their striking red eyes and adorable pink nose. Since all albino ferrets lack pigment and are patternless, most specimens look very similar to each other.
Albino ferrets can also be more prone to hearing problems, but that condition is still quite rare and can easily be adapted to if it does occur.
2. Black Ferret
Black ferrets are a type of ferret that live up to their name quite well. This ferret has guard hairs that are straight black in color, with an undercoat that's primarily white or slightly golden. Its eyes should also be black, if not indistinguishable from black.
The nose is the same way, but it can also be speckled black if the rest of the ferret is true black. Due to the dark color of this ferret, they don't feature many patterns. Some may have white or light brown patterns on their heads, but it's usually quite faint.
3. Black Sable Ferret
As its name suggests, the black sable ferret has an appearance that's quite similar to a sable ferret but features darker brown color. A black sable ferret's guard hairs are blackish brown without any "warm" tones, and their undercoat ranges from pure white to cream.
The rest of them is quite dark, too, with near-black or dark brown eyes and a blackish brown nose. Although this ferret has "black" in the name, it's ultimately defined by its blackish brown fur, unlike the black ferret.
4. Champagne Ferret
This is a ferret that's commonly described as a "diluted" chocolate ferret, featuring an all-around lighter color. Their guard hairs are colored tan or light brown, with an undercoat that ranges from white to cream.
There's a bit of leeway when it comes to a champagne's eyes, as they can range from a light to dark burgundy. A champagne's nose can also be a few different colors, but it's preferred to be either beige, pink, or pink with a beige outline. This is one of the lightest types of ferrets.
5. Chocolate Ferret
This is a type of ferret that clearly resembles its name. The chocolate ferret has guard hairs that are described as warm milk chocolate brown and an undercoat that ranges from white to a slight golden hue.
Their eyes can either be brown or dark burgundy, and their nose can be pink, beige, or pink with a light brown outline. It's also noted that this ferret should have a full mask across their eyes, adding a break in color to their (generally) whiter face.
6. Cinnamon Ferret
Cinnamon ferrets are quite unique since their fur features a hint of red coloring. Their guard hairs feature a strong reddish brown color, and their undercoat ranges from a golden hue to plain white.
Like champagnes, cinnamon ferrets can have eyes ranging from light to dark burgundy. Their noses are preferred to be brick colored, but they can also be beige/pink or simply pink. Cinnamon ferrets may look quite similar to champagnes, but they tend to be harder to come by.
7. Dark-Eyed White Ferret
One thing to note about this type of ferret is that it's always referred to as dark-eyed white, even if they feature another color. Their guard hairs and undercoat range from white to cream, and their eyes and nose are burgundy and pink, respectively.
There's not a lot of variation in this ferret color, which makes it similar to the albino ferret. Essentially the only physical difference between dark-eyed white and albino ferrets are their eye colors.
This type of ferret is also more prone to hearing problems like albinos are.
8. Sable Ferret
Sable ferrets are the most common type of ferret, but that doesn't mean that their appearance is boring. They have guard hairs that are a warm, deep brown, and their undercoat ranges from white to cream.
Their eyes are a blackish brown, and their nose can either be light brown or a speckled brown. If you walk into a pet store that has ferrets, the chances of those ferrets being sables are quite high.
7 Different Ferret Color Patterns
While there are 8 different colors that ferrets can come in, those colors can be arranged in 7 officially-recognized patterns. Understanding the different patterns will help you identify a certain ferret type despite them having a more unique appearance.
5 Extra Patterns In Ferrets
There are a few more patterns that are present in ferrets. These aren't defining patterns in themselves, but they can be used to help identify the 7 main patterns or one of the 8 main ferret colors.
Unfortunate Reality Of Ferret Breeding
Essentially all ferret colors and markings are a direct result of genetic mutations. The only two standard ferrets, sables and albinos, are among the least popular types of ferrets among owners. Therefore, a lot of breeding is done to produce more unique and desirable ferrets, often resulting in inbreeding and serious health problems.
For example, ferrets that have a blaze or panda pattern are alarmingly likely to have Waardenburg syndrome, which results in deafness, cranial deformities, and intestinal issues.
Dark-eyed white ferrets are also susceptible to this disease. Researchers have estimated that up to 75% of panda and blaze ferrets are deaf, with the remainder having some level of hearing difficulties.
While standard ferrets aren't guaranteed to have great genetic health, non-standard ferret types are often indicative of poor health. It's important to consider this fact before looking for a new ferret to bring into your home.
What Type Of Ferret Is Best As A Pet?
Ultimately, that's up to you! As discussed above, some ferrets do have health issues, so it may be in your best interest to avoid those colors and patterns. However, aside from that, there isn't a difference between the different ferret colors and patterns in terms of personality!
Since domesticated ferrets are all one breed, they're all quite similar. Of course, personalities will differ between ferrets as some will naturally be more energetic, curious, feisty, or sleepy than others.
Because of this, you'll want to look for a ferret that behaves in an optimal way, in addition to looking how you want it to look. When a ferret is given the proper cage, food, and affection, though, there's a very good chance that it will make for a very loving and fun pet.